Top 10 Toxicities For Cats – I am the owner the two cats and I always worried about them. Sometimes my cats eat something wrong. This accident is done mostly at that time when I was not at home. I think most of the owner suffers from this problem. This blog tells you Top 10 Toxicities For Cats and how to prevent your cat these.
Top reason cats end up at the emergency vet is due to poisoning, so let’s begin Top 10 Toxicities For Cats.
Top 10 Toxicities For Cats
1. Poisonous Plants
My most hated plant is the true lily, this includes plants from the Hemmer callous or Lilium species. As little as two to three leaves even the pollen or drinking the water from the vase can cause severe acute kidney injury. This type of plant is extremely dangerous especially during Easter time because a lot of cat owners don’t know that that Easter lily is poisonous. Even if you think you put it out of reach if the dried flower falls on the floor from the vase and your cat eats it can still result in acute kidney injury.
Now I will say there’s another common plant I see cats getting into and that’s called the insoluble calcium oxalate, this is plants such as dumb cane philodendron, calla lily or different types and if your cat bites into the leaf it causes intense burning or irritation to the mouth and that’s because there are microscopic crystals that cause a lot of irritation. Now, this type of poisonous plant you can manage at home.
If your cat got into an insoluble calcium oxalate plant just give them a little bit of milk or even some chicken broth to wash those crystals out of the mouth.
2. Household Cleaners
The second poison I see are household cleaners. If you’re cleaning your house please make sure to lock your cat into the bedroom where they’re not exposed to some of these chemicals. While these household cleaners are generally very safe.
Keep in mind that cats have an altered liver metabolism, they can’t metabolize certain drugs well, so what’s safe for human or even a dog can be metabolized inappropriately in a cat and result in secondary poisoning.
So the point is to keep all household cleaners out of reach.
The third poison is insecticides. I see cats being accidentally poisoned when a well-intentioned cat owner buys a dog flea and tick medication and puts it on there big cat. Unfortunately, certain chemicals called pyrethroids are very effective insecticides but really dangerous to cats. These are used commonly in dog flea and tick medications shampoos and sprays but ideally should never be used on a cat because they can cause tremors and seizures and potentially be life-threatening.
4. Human Medications
The fourth poison I see and cats are human medications. Certain antidepressants one specifically called venlafaxine or Effexor has some weird odor or smell in the capsule, that makes cats want to seek it out and chew into it.
When a cat chews into an antidepressant it causes serotonin syndrome and your cat can get really sedate or really really agitated and we can see a really elevated heart rate, blood pressure and even tremors or seizures if your cat gets into it.
Another common human medication is prescription amphetamine. These are drugs like Ritalin or Concerta they’re a DD medications there are drugs that can also result in a life-threatening elevation in the heart rate and blood pressure and rarely cause tremors and seizures also.
5. Liquid Potpourri
The fifth poison I see cats getting into is liquid potpourri. Now, this is more seasonal in the fall or towards the holidays but this is when people plug in a potpourri pot and it’s in a simmer pot, so the potpourri heats up.
When a cat licks two or three licks from it, it is actually toxic, not only potentially causing corrosive burns in the mouth and esophagus, but also causing breathing difficulties, and rarely causing liver damage.
So make sure not to use any type of liquid potpourri if you have cats.
The six medication is a drug called the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory or an NSAID. These types of drugs are used in both humans such as Advil or Aleve or in veterinary medicine. Most of the time cats do not tolerate NSAIDs at all, so never give any type of medication to your cat without consulting your veterinarian first.
If your cat got into an NSAID, unfortunately, it causes severe gastric ulcers, so your cat may have profuse vomiting and vomiting blood. It also results in severe life-threatening acute kidney injury, so make sure to keep both human and veterinary NSAIDs out of reach of your cat.
The seventh poison that I see is the drug acetaminophen, more commonly known as Tylenol. One Tylenol can kill a cat, so we always want to keep this medication out of reach.
Acetaminophen is really commonly found in any type of over-the-counter medication for colds or flus and so a lot of people have this in the house. If they accidentally drop one Tylenol again it can result in severe poisoning and cats.
Cats can’t metabolize acetaminophen, so they end up having difficulty breathing, blue gums, rasing heart rate and they can become really anemic from Tylenol, rarely it can actually cause liver failure. Thankfully with Tylenol poisoning, there’s actually an antidote. Your veterinarian will need to treat your cat with a drug called n-acetylcysteine which can be life-saving but you have to get to your emergency vet or vet right away for treatment.
The eighth poison I see in cats are rodenticides. That’s the fancy word for mouse and rat poison. During the fall or winter, people will start to place rodenticides around their house or yard, so mice don’t get in. Well, unfortunately, this can be poisonous to both dogs and cats.
There are certain active ingredients in mouse and rat poisons, one called bro methylene can cause severe brain swelling or cerebral edema and result in tremors, walking drunk and seizures in cats and it only takes a tiny amount to poison a cat.
The second type of rodenticide I see contains cholecalciferol and this causes elevated calcium that then mineralized as the kidneys and causes acute kidney injury.
When in doubt if you have any type of pet you never want to have rodenticides in your house.
9. Glow Jewelry
The ninth poison that cats get into are glow jewelry and glow sticks. This is more commonly seen during the holidays or Halloween as part of costumes and if your cat bites into the plastic poisonous bitter chemical leaks out.
Now thankfully with glow jewelry you can manage this poisoning at home, you typically don’t need to go to a veterinarian for this one but the chemical is super bitter, so your cat’s gonna foam and froth at the mouth, so it’s important to flush that bitter taste or that bitter chemical out of their mouth.
Offer them some milk or even some canned tuna water. Even some chicken broth then turn off the lights and make sure your cat isn’t glowing. If your cat is glowing make sure to bathe it off appropriately with a liquid dish soap like dawn because otherwise if it’s on your cat’s fur your cat’s gonna groom it off and become poisoned by it again.
10. Veterinary Medications
The 10th poison that cats get into is veterinary medications. Veterinarian prescribing certain medications for your dog or cat and it’s safe at the dose that they prescribed it at, but if your cat gets into a larger amount or even the whole Container it can be dangerous.
What do I do If My cat Is poisoned?
First, please know, there is nothing safe, that you can give at home to induce vomiting in your cat. If it was a dog that’s a different story thirst certain types of products like hydrogen peroxide we can use in dogs to induce vomiting but nothing safe at home.
I do not want you giving hydrogen peroxide to a cat. Approximately 25 per cent of cats that get it to end up developing severe hemorrhagic gastritis, they end up vomiting blood and rarely it can be fatal.
Instead, if your cat eats something poisonous I want you to seek veterinary attention. At the veterinary clinic we’re gonna give something safer to induce vomiting, so please don’t induce vomiting at home, please get to a veterinarian right away.
The next part of treatment for the poisoned cat is giving activated charcoal. This is a black liquid that’s gonna bind up the poison from the stomach and intestinal tract.
The veterinarian may be able to give it right away, so they want to make sure that after they’ve induced vomiting they’ve treated your cat and given this charcoal to bind up the poison.
Conclusion – Top 10 Toxicities For Cats
Remember with any type of poisoning, the sooner you identify the poisoning, the sooner you bring our cat in, the sooner veterinarian can treat it.
You do not want to wait 1 to 2 days later, once your cat has developed clinical signs because it may be too late, the poisons already set in.
It’s always less expensive and safer for your cat to seek immediate veterinary attention. If you think your cat has gotten into any poison, you always want to contact your vet, your emergency vet or the ASPCA (Animal Poison Control Cente)r for life-saving advice.